A Plan for Preparedness and Management of Disasters
Due to the migration of people from rural to urban areas, cities and municipalities all over the world are at risk because of the development of tall buildings, thicker population, more overhead power cables, and crowded living conditions. This condition, plus more industries, oil pipelines and storage tanks and occurrence of natural calamities such as earthquakes and landslides causes an impending big disaster. The way people respond and their level of preparedness vary in some parts of the world that experience different disasters. In the concept of mitigation, activities and measures included are put in place in order to minimize the disaster’s effects and impact. Covering of the physical, economic, and social effects or impacts of disaster to a given population or area is also one of the features that mitigation has. Past experience has shown us that being prepared for disasters to a certain degree can mitigate the effects to a large extent unlike areas that are not properly prepared. Depending on the locality and the community concerned, this can involve a lot of aspects and angles. The two categories for these measures are called structural and non-structural.
These measures of preparedness that mitigate disasters, both structural and non-structural, are further classified into active or passive. In active measures, the incentive reward scheme is done to encourage people or organizations to create disaster ready surroundings. Unlike the passive measures which depend on guidelines and controls, the active measures are found to be more effective. This is supported by the fact that city planning rules and codes which are based on the law are not that effective unless they are vigilantly implemented coupled with the strong participation of the building owners. Giving subsidies and lessening premiums for insurance for safer constructions can be effective.
The government and the local authorities must aim on handling disasters when they occur, and to do so, the government and the local authorities must possess a trait of preparedness in order to clear structures. The plans and policies to be implemented must be simple and easy in order to have a good disaster preparedness and management unit. The requirement is to increase the knowledge of the people and organizations and the warning systems should be properly positioned and monitored on a regular basis including a well planned use of land. Lack of good planning will result in the difficulty of the fire truck and ambulance to get through and fires that cannot be controlled. Pre planning must always be made or done because without it, the disaster response post disaster management will be one of the most challenging and difficult part or task.
Source: Water Damage Servpro